Kimberly-Clark : Dynamic Designer/Motion
Kimberly-Clark's engineers had never designed machines quite like those needed for a new tissue-packaging line. And the equipment absolutely had to work right the first time. CAD-embedded motion simulation helped assure the design's quality.
Automated equipment for processing and packaging disposable consumer items such as razor blades, toothbrushes, and tissues run at high speeds unheard of only a few years ago. The machines include state-of-the art electronics, sensor technology, and advanced servo controls that operate alongside traditional mechanical assemblies and components made up of tried-and-true cams, linkages, and gears.
Equipment for these applications is continually pushed to its limits in plants around the world for optimal speed, performance, and uptime. Generally custom-designed and one of a kind, the special-purpose machines impose some of the most demanding and specialized design and production requirements of any industrial equipment.
As a result, companies rely increasingly on the power of computer-aided design (CAD) and mechanical simulation tools to develop the equipment and maximize running speeds.
Recently, Kimberly-Clark, a major paper-products manufacturer, faced these challenges in the installation of a new high-speed production line for Kleenex facial tissues at a manufacturing facility in Australia. Some of the equipment was designed in-house, with know-how carefully guarded by the company.
One aspect of the design involved a high-speed registration device for handling "clips" of folded tissue that get placed in cardboard cartons later in the process. Engineers at the facility had no first-hand experience with the process, but the device was an essential part of the new production line, and had to work perfectly the first time so factory operations were not disrupted.
Simulation Made Easy
The equipment was designed by Kimberly-Clark engineers using Autodesk Mechanical Desktop. So, for verifying the functions of the various moving parts (including the clips of tissue), it was a natural progression to model these components and study their motion at various speeds with the fully integrated Dynamic Designer/Motion software from Mechanical Dynamics, Inc. This tool – built upon Mechanical Dynamics' industry-leading ADAMS dynamic solution engine – is embedded within Mechanical Desktop, and its single-window integration allowed easy translation back and forth from Kimberly-Clark's CAD models and construction drawings to the dynamic simulation model.
Based on component geometry defined in Mechanical Desktop, engineers used Dynamic Designer/Motion to add connecting joints along with component forces and motion generators to produce a fully functioning computer model of the mechanical system.
What especially impressed Kimberly-Clark was the speed and relative ease of modeling the process in Dynamic Designer/Motion. The project engineer also appreciated the software's ability to model the actual dynamics of the machine. As he points out, the clips were not always mechanically constrained, but the software was able to predict and display their movement as dictated by gravity, friction, and their own inertia. This was very useful in optimizing component geometry, and led to a good deal of confidence when it came time to go from drawings to fabricating the equipment.
The properties of the clips were first estimated and then confirmed by comparing Dynamic Designer/Motion predictions with high-speed videos from similar applications. The final design was developed from dynamic simulations through a "what-if" process of studying alternative design ideas.
Hindsight now shows that the first design would not have worked at all, whereas the final arrangement proved in practice to function very well and much as predicted. No changes were needed to the final machine configuration, other than minor adjustment.
Although Kimberly-Clark has used computer simulation for years as a valuable tool in studying continuous chemical processes and product warehousing, this was their first experience with the type of mechanical system simulation represented by Dynamic Designer/Motion. Engineers at the company continue to rely upon the software in working with the design of automated production equipment.
The dynamic model of the tissue-packaging equipment remains available for ongoing enhancement, alterations to the process, and troubleshooting production problems. Directly comparing actual videos with computer predictions of operations remains an extremely useful tool, allowing engineers to, for example, examine the effects of changes in surface friction.
Author: John Krouse